Welcome to APNAN
The Network on Kyusei Nature Farming and EM Technology
APNAN, the Asia Pacific Natural Agriculture Network, is a little organization founded in Thailand, and promoting the concepts of Kyusei Nature Farming and EM Technology, with contacts in all continents of the globe. It is a very successful and dynamic network, with the drive, energy and ambition to achieve its goals.
The concepts of Kyusei Nature Farming was introduced to the world by an erudite Japanese philosopher, Mokichi Okada (1882-1955), who foresaw the problems of intensive chemical farming and its impact on food, the environment and human health. Hence the concepts of Kyusei Nature Farming were adopted by a sector of Japanese, and this form of Nature Farming is practiced. The merging of the technology of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in the mid 1980s strengthened the concepts of Kyusei Nature Farming. The technology of EM, developed by Dr. Teruo Higa, professor emeritus at the University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan, blended common microbes into a solution, that could enhance the fermentation processes of composting and remove odor, which are two common problems of waste management and also organic or Nature Farming.